The paper - written and published (which is significant) during the martial law - focuses on relations that keep Leszek Kolakowski's thought in the realm of Kantian thinking. The movement in this realm has a form of going away and coming back. Kolakowski goes away from Kant by recognizing that it is culture and not transcendental consiousness that is the realm of positing and criticising the values. At the same time the need to come back to Kant stems from the dilemma of critique of totalitarianism. Such a critique must adopt Marxian idea of the collective human being as necessary to understand the totality of the system, and yet reject it with the system, while coming back to abstract, aprioristic, formal and postulative Kantian humanity.
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