This paper deals with a characteristic structural feature of a group of Hungarian folk songs: their initial image or point of departure (known as 'sill') involving some phenomenon of nature. In the framework of the theory of cognitive metaphors and taking principles of linguistic pragmatics into consideration, the authoress intends to support the claim that the metaphoric expressions of those initial images can be traced back to certain cognitive metaphors. She discusses the most frequent forms of spatial metaphors (a subtype of orientation metaphors that are in turn a type of cognitive metaphors), as well as their ranges of meanings, primarily in terms of binary oppositions like near vs. far, up vs. down, upward movement vs. downward movement, centre vs. periphery, telicity vs. atelicity, as well as conceptual domains like wide vs. narrow perspective and degree of spatial saturation. The paper concludes with raising a number of issues for future research in both text linguistics and folklore studies.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.