A paper is a presentation of the attitudes demonstrated by the first Polish inhabitants of Wroclaw soon after the end of the wartime hostilities, together with assorted problems and dilemmas associated with settling down in a new place of residence. The author described the various stances of the Polish newcomers, both those interested in rapid material gains and those who perceived moving to Wroclaw as an opportunity for starting a new life. The article also considers the impact exerted upon the Polish residents by living conditions in a city which was gradually becoming Polish, fears and attempts to quickly alter the very character of the town, growing familiarity with Wroclaw and its successive transformation into a Polish urban centre, as well as an awareness of the ensuing changes. The author wrote about the conduct of the Germans and their role in a town which was slowly assuming a new national character.
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