The article examines the relationship between persons of Jewish descent and the war in Spain, which for some provided an opportunity to vent their anti-Semitic phobias. The authoress seeks the common traits of anti-Jewish propaganda in various countries but focuses on the activities of people of Jewish descent during the Civil War in Spain (doctors, nurses, journalists, photographers, advisors, agents, soldiers) and their fate, which often took bizarre twists and turns. For some, the Spanish experience was a stigma that led to their being victimized by - paradoxically - their former combatants or party comrades. The article also looks at the other than political dimension of the 'Jewish question' in the context of the Civil War, namely, the journalistic, literary or artistic accomplishments of such figures as Robert Capa, Gerta Taro, Mikhail Koltsov, Ilia Erenburg, Arthur Koestler or Zofia Szleyen.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.