Park premises deprived of buildings frequently become forgotten and vanish owing to assorted natural processes or human ventures. Eastern Poland has preserved numerous traces of nineteenth-century or older manorial complexes. One of them - the post-manorial park in Hniszow on the Bug (commune of Ruda-Huta) - includes a nature-historical path known as 'Bolko' from an oak tree-monument of Nature situated within this historical premise. Up to the opening of the path, Bolko remained the prime tourist attraction, which today encompasses also remnants of the historical premise. Due to the prolonged neglect of the object, the establishment of the path called for a great input of work, which involved also the local inhabitants. The presentation portrays the nineteenth-century composition of the park, although its origins go back to the sixteenth century. The landscape park combined the extant regular elements of a garden with the plants and landscape typical for the Bug river valley. The fundamental purposes of the trail include a revitalisation of the park, its accessibility to residents and tourists, and a display of the beauty of local Nature and unique trees. This type of an undertaking offers immense opportunities for numerous parts of Poland threatened with unemployment and possessing longforgotten parks.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.