The article discusses the contemporary comprehension of the concept of the cultural heritage against a wider background of the heritage of culture. The authoress considered the significance of time and the value of historical monuments assessed according to the classical Riegel systematic as well as contemporary experiences that recommend taking into consideration the dynamics of processes caused by the monuments. The article introduces a static differentiation and the currently indispensable dynamic model of an analysis of the value of monuments, with due consideration for complex monument-society interactions. Special emphasis is placed on the economy - monuments relation, which lately has assumed particular significance. The authoress also discussed questions associated with the concept of authenticity judged along the axis of time and the role of original matter as an information carrier determining the existence of all the other assets of a historical monument. In doing so, she distinguished three types of transformation to which the monuments were subjected in the past and still are today, dividing them into non-invasion, annexation and absorption. The text delves into the consequences of choosing the type of transformation for the retention of the authenticity and integration of the monuments. By embarking upon the question of integrity, the text mentions two categories - technical and aesthetic. Next, the authoress examined the outcome of the latter's violation and the possibility of avoiding its negative effects. Additionally, she drew attention to the fact that monuments comprise irreplaceable resources, and hence unsuitable conditions and undertakings that eliminate contact with the authentic monument also destroy its non-material values. Situations that blur the antiquity of historical monuments by changing them into buildings indistinguishable from their contemporary successors are evidence of nearsightedness. More, they are contrary to economic, conservation and social purposes.
prof. zw. dr kwalifikowany II st. Bogumiła J. Rouba jest pracownikiem naukowo-dydaktycznym Zakładu Konserwacji Malarstwa i Rzeźby Polichromowanej w Instytucie Zabytkoznawstwa i Konserwatorstwa Wydziału Sztuk Pięknych Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu; autorką licznych publikacji z zakresu konserwacji-restauracji dzieł sztuki oraz własnych lub zespołowych realizacji konserwatorskich. Jest m.in. zastępcą przewodniczącego Rady ds. Ochrony Zabytków przy Ministrze Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego, przedstawicielem IZK UMK i członkiem Europejskiej Sieci Szkół Konserwatorskich ENCoRE, członkiem Polskiego Komitetu Międzynarodowej Rady Ochrony Zabytków ICOMOS i wielu innych gremiów.
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