Since the beginning of the process of transformation in Poland (initiated by the parliamentary election on 4 June 1989) the Sejm has operated within several constitutional structures. They have brought, step by step, the principle of separation of powers into Poland's system of government and made the Sejm the key element of legislative power. Apart from lawmaking, the Sejm has other functions (including those relating to oversight, budget, adaptation of international law, political inspiration, and - recently - the European function). The wide-ranging approach to the duties of the Sejm is not only the result of habits from our past (years 1952-1989), when the Sejm was declared to be the superior authority of the State. We must not forget that the Sejm is a house of parliament, and that in a democracy such a body may deal with any public matter, discuss it and express its position thereon, not only for the purpose of making law on its basis. Therefore, the list of competences of the Sejm includes not only statutes, but also resolutions concerning particular matters, as well as declarations. The article contains statistical data on the activities of the Sejm in respect of certain issues. The author concludes that, in general, the Sejm has successfully completed its transformation to the new system. However, as concerns the development of appropriate political culture, its activity may raise some doubts.
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