The first mass transports of Jews in Nazi-occupied Europe pulled out from Moravska Ostrava, Vienna and Katowice. They headed for Nisko nad Sanem in the eastern part of occupied Poland where the Jews, under the supervision of the SS guards, were supposed to build a concentration camp. This enterprise was administered by Adolf Eichmann and it affected about five thousand Jews from Bohemia, Poland and Austria. The SS guards drove the majority of prisoners to the Soviet Union where they were imprisoned again in the Soviet concentration camps - gulags. The study provides an overview of the world historiography on this topic, assesses the causes, course and importance of the transports to Nisko and seeks to uncover their place in the genocidal plans of the Nazis.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.