The author presents point of view of ethnographer and museologist on the important role of the academic institution for the development of ethnology in Slovakia. He highlights significance of the contacts between professional workers in museums with ethnologists as well as forms of their cooperation and their concrete results. The position of the Ethnographic Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences as a central institution of the discipline during the second half of the 20th century is connected with activities of important persons and existence of the 'ethnographic community'.
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