The medieval coinage of Krosno Odrzanskie was not of a permanent character. The earliest Krosno issue is a bracteate with the legend CROSSE and a bareheaded armoured figure holding two palm twigs. This one-sided pfennig known from two hoards: Wielen on the Notec River in Poland (approx. 1300), and a Brandenburg deposit, locality unknown (2nd half of the 13th c.) most probably was struck in 1272-1276. The second period of coinage has also been confirmed by the inscription upon a coin - a quartensis so far known in six specimens of a single type (presumably no die variants) bearing the legend +MONETA CROSNENE. Up to now, the type has been known only from the hoard found in Ostrów Lednicki in Great Poland (the date of deposition:1320-1331). Some chronological premises might be implied by the imitation of the obverse of the Brandenburg denarius Type Bft 557/Da. 167 (recently dated to the years 1315-1318). The Krosno quartenses most probably came into being during the reign of Henry III's sons (1297-1309) when the city belonged to the Duchy of Glogów. Krosno was given the coinage privilege presumably in 1430 by Venceslav while in 1469 duke Henry XI confirmed Krosno's coinage rights. On the basis of numismatic material and written sources a haler characterised by a number of variants is known to have been struck by the city. In 1476, after the death of the last duke of the Piast dynasty, Krosno was taken over by the Brandenburg Margraviate and in 1509, elector Joachim I bestowed on the city the right to strike pfennigs. The small number of hoards containing the Krosno pfennigs, a considerable number of types at that, indicates that they were only rarely deposited. Nevertheless, a report of about 1560 by Rudolf Teufinck, the Brandenburg Wardein, mentions them as very numerous in circulation. In 1511 Joachim I and Albrecht, by means of a coinage ordnance issued for Krosno and Brandenburg, decided on the striking of local (elector's) coins: guldens (Goldgulden) alongside silver groschen, halfgroschen and pfennigs. Most probably the halfgroschen and guldens specified by the coinage ordnance were not issued here. By 1514 the medieval coinage in Krosno was over. Starting in the 13th up till the beginning of the 16th centuries it was resumed five times at least. (9 figures)
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