The article informs about the principles of the curriculum didactical theory. This theory is based upon a gradual and elaborate formulation of aims. These aims come out of the needs of a developing human being, then they come out of the needs of the developing society and finally out of the logic of the subject area which appears in the background of the particular subject. It shows the consequences, which this theory has on the conception of the curriculum of religious education with regards to needs of the society (the development of attitudes and personal responsibility) and with respect to the natural relation of the developing personal relationship to the pupil's faith (the way from 1st to 2nd naivety). Basing upon its arguments the authoress differentiates the process of religious education done by teaching this subject in state schools from the process of catechesis activities done by the Church.
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