Excavations at Janow Pomorski near Elblag since 1982 have revealed remnants of an early medieval craftsmen's and trading settlement, identified with the famous emporium of Truso presumably settled by the Vikings.The research led to the discovery of more than 300 weights and 274 coins. Among them as many as 270 are of oriental origin, only 4 come from Western Europe. Coins, considerably dispersed, occurred in all the layers, although none were struck later than the middle of the 9th century. 210 oriental coins have been analyzed so far. Sixteen of them made up a hoard hidden after AD 815/6, 194 were single finds. Only 15 coins were complete (including 11 in the hoard). The others were fragments of dirhams, their wright most often ranging from 0.1 up to 0.5 g. The oldest are Sassanian drachmas of Khusru II (591-628) or their Arab imitations (8 pieces in all). The youngest, is a dirham from AD 850/1-854/5. Most coins were struck in the first two decades of the 9th century, next in the years 760-800. Also Omayyad coins have been identified (17) alongside 5 imitations.Two out four Western European coins belong to Types KG 3 and KG 5 of Brita Malmer, who dates them to approx. 825, assigns them to the Hedeby mint and classifies them among the oldest Scandinavian coins. So far the coins of the foregoing types have not been known from the southern coast of the Baltic Sea. They have been recorded only in later hoards from the 11th century in Pomerania (Vossberg and Lupau/Lupawa). Recently 4 fragments of similar coins have been discovered also in the hoard of Gniezno in Great Poland. The third coin is a penny of Ethelwulf, king of Wessex (839-858), struck at Rochester around 843-848.The oldest coin is a sceat of the Wodan/monster Type dated to the first half of the 8th century. Considering the coin's striking place, the author analyzes the existing views on the origin of the Wodan/monster Type. At present only the excavations of Ribe seem to be applicable to the latter studies. Unfortunately the coins of the third campaign 1990-1991 have not been analyzed in detail yet. One might conclude that at present a Frisian origin of most of the coins of the Wodan/Monster Type is more probable. The specimen of Janow (A/h) seems to belong to those that were being issued in largest quantities in the middle period, i.e. in Frisia. All four western European coins discovered at Janow have three mutual features that differentiate them from the prevalent oriental coins. They come from north-western Europe, are almost complete and have been turned into ornaments.The coins from Janow Pomorski are the oldest examples not merely among Scandinavian or Anglo-Saxon coins found in Poland, but the oldest early medieval western European coins discovered in Poland. (8 figures)
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