The writing of valuable scientific publications has always been triggered by the activities of learned societies, tertiary educational institutions and the editorial boards of scientific journals. In the 19th century, Polish scientific writing was inspired mainly by the activities of the Warsaw Society of the Friends of Sciences (Towarzystwo Warszawskie Przyjaciól Nauk), which was responsbile for publishing its 'Yearbooks...' (Roczniki ..), and of Warsaw Physicians' Society , which published its 'Diary ...' (Pamietnik ...). There were also other journals that included works on the history of medicine and basic medical sciences, among them those that appeared in Warsaw: 'Klinika' (The Clinic), 'Gazeta Lekarska' (Physicians' Gazette), 'Zdrowie' (Health), as well as 'Krytyka Lekarska' (Physicians' Critique) and 'Przeglad Chirurgiczny' (Surgical Review), which were established by Józef Polak; in Cracow: 'Rocznik Wydzialu Lekarskiego Universytetu Jagiellonskiego' (Yearbook of the Medical Faculty of the Jagiellonian University) and 'Wiadomosci do Antropologii Krajowej' (News for National Anthropology); and in Poznan: 'Nowiny Lekarskie' (Physicians' News). The key to medical writings in the 19th century is provided by a cross-referenced bibliography compiled by Stanislaw Konopka.
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