This paper revisits the problem of the structural analysis of nominal structures with a quantifying element, including a numeral of the 'piec' (five)-type or a (vague) quantifier of the 'troche' (a little)-type in Polish. Owing to the complex internal and external patterns of case and agreement morphology found with such structures, the quantifying element is generally regarded either as a head which takes a noun phrase (NP) as dependent, or as a dependent in the (extended) syntactic projection of the noun. Mixed analyses, in which quantifying elements have head-status in some structural contexts and dependent-status in some other structural contexts, have also been proposed. Ali these analyses are surveyed and special attention is paid to pursuing the implications for the grammar of Polish of the analysis in which the quantifying element is a lexical head (Q) taking NP as dependent in Spec of QP, where Q inherits the grammatical features from NP under co-indexation, as well as the claim that in nominative/accusative environments the quantifier head is endowed with accusative case. The evidence provided argues against this analysis and suggests that the noun is the head of nominal structures with a quantifying element in Polish.
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