The first half of the 19th century witnessed a wide-range debate concerning the relation between the speculative philosophy of religion and the theology of that time. Referring to a remark of Hegel in his Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion, in which he depicted Protestant theology of that time as unphilosophical and unscientific. It started a philosophical-theological controversy in which several prominent German and Danish intellectuals took part. The relations between philosophy and theology, the legitimacy of metaphysical interpretation of Christian dogmas, the limits of rationality, the issue of pantheism or the relatedness of modern philosophy of religion to medieval speculative mysticism were among the discussed issues.
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