The Roman and Pre-Roman period in the Polish part of the Sudety Mountains has never yet been presented in a monograph. This article is not meant as such a monograph, but as a survey of the archeological sources known to date. Simultaneously it is a recapitulation of the research results on the subject hitherto. The first excavations, and archeological finds from the region, as well as pioneer research on the archeology of the Sudety Mountains made by the German archeologists of the 1920's and 30's are especially noteworthy. The resumption of archeological exploration and research in the region took place as late as the 1980's and 90's. The archeological sources, though not as numerous as those for the Beskidy Mountains, lead the author to preliminary conclusions referring to the archeological culture of the Sudety region in the Pre-Roman and Roman periods. The finds, come mainly from the Jelenia Góra, Walbrzych and Klodzko cirques. The eldest traces of settlement come from stage A2, and appear as a result of the migration of Germanic tribes caused by the campaign against Romans lead by Ariovist. During stage B1 of the Roman Period traces of regular settlement vanished. The only finds from this time are coins without archeological context. Stage B1 antedated the rough colonization times of the tectonic foreland and mountain cirques of the region by the late B2 stage and especially in stages C2-D. Most of the finds, are representative for the Przeworsk culture, save perhaps some from the Jelenia Góra cirque, where the influences of the Luboszyce culture are probable. The archeological sources imply a far more complicated cultural situation in the region than we may have previously presumed. Influences from the upper and middle Elbe basin during the Marcomanni Wars and the Migration Period are especially worth considering. This suggestion, though, requires further research and verification.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.