The article presents European migrations between 1650 and 1750. The dates have been obviously set arbitrarily as some migration movements began earlier whereas some lasted much longer. They appeared due to complex economic, social, and political changes, which the article presents with brevity just for the sake of subject clarification. Migration as a social phenomenon was not for a long time a research subject of the European social history, as it was believed that pre-industrial societies did not migrate. Now we know that this belief was false. Migrations in the period in question were a continuation of social movements known already in the late Middle Ages. Some of them however, appeared due to new phenomena such as wars, colonization, and territorial overseas expansion. Religious refuges constituted a new group of migrants, who due to persecutions and humiliation had to move to new places in search for religious freedom. The author of the article first concentrates on migrations at the village and country level presenting seven migration systems. Then he describes migrations to and from cities of various sizes.
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