The situation, which developed after the Second World War in Polish lands, resulted in a considerable restriction of the ethnic minorities living in Poland. The German minority was successively deported from territories entrusted to the post-war Polish state. Throughout the whole period of the People's Republic of Poland other ethnic communities, which had been granted the status of Polish citizens, but which retained their non-Polish nationality, remained the object of interest for the Public Security offices and their legal successors. The Ukrainian community was subjected to particular avid invigilation. This policy was the outcome of the struggle waged by the Ukrainians for their homeland and subsequent campaigns conducted by the Polish authorities and resettling the Ukrainian population to other parts of the country in order to liquidate the hinterland of the Ukrainian partisan movement. The first part of the article considers the role played by the WUBP in Koszalin in transferring Ukrainians to the region of Koszalin. Further fragments discuss the efforts made by the security apparatus in Koszalin to determine whether the local Ukrainians intended to become involve in conspiracy, a partisan movement or Intelligence undertakings. The resultant initiatives included agents permanently observing the conduct of the settlers and the cooperation of various state subjects. The UBP also made sure that the settlers did not return to their original place of residence. In subsequent years, when state authorities consented to the establishment of the Ukrainian Socio-Cultural Society and its outposts, the SB expanded its surveillance to encompass these organisations. The author discusses the interest shown by the local security apparatus in the Greek Catholic (Uniate) Church, whose faithful included numerous Ukrainian nationals. The text is supplemented with three tables showing the size of the Ukrainian population according to information at the disposal of the local UBP, the departures of Ukrainians to capitalist countries in 1956-1961 according to SB reports, and the number of agents amidst the Ukrainian community in counties of the voivodeship of Koszalin.
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