The aim of the article is to thoroughly analyze a complaint and first of all to point out how it should be constructed as a means of legal protection to produce desired legal results for the complainant. A method of document analysis, especially that of legal acts, rich judicature of the Supreme Administrative Court, and publications, was used in the article. The authoress' intention is to indicate inefficiency of this means of appeal and to highlight those issues which cause most doubts and the implementation of which might result in the provision of better legal protection for the complainants
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