A contribution from the conference 'The Second Avant-garde' (part of the grant-funded project 'The Myths, Language, and Taboos of the Czech Post-Avant-garde from the Forties to the Sixties'), which was held on 23 October 2007. The article is an attempt to describe the difference between the Modern and the Avant-garde, while acknowledging shared features. To grasp the difference between the various trends of Modern literature (and art) , the author considers the topic from the perspective of the different extent of willingness of Avant-garde are and Modern art to come to terms with the inability of language to enable precise expression, particularly the choice either to come to terms with the limits of language and endeavour to surmount them, which, the author argues, Modernity opted for, or to substitute the visual form for the verbal form, the decision of the Avant-garde.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.