Neither twilight nor renaissance: the author argues, that the failure of the central - directive command planning of the Soviet type cannot overshadow the benefits or sometimes even necessity of development planning. Survival and/ or continuity of planning experience, while getting rid of counterposition 'planning versus market' is becoming particularly valid vis-a-vis contemporary challenges which national and international comunities are facing nowadays. He is referring to such questions as the distant time - horizons in a lot of activities, both micro - and macroeconomic, as well as those having global dimensions; to the badly needed planning in the R&D sphere; to the corporate planning; to the activities in the natural environment conservation and preservation etc. In many cases the analysis is illustrated by the problems and practices of the European Union.
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