TRAGIC SITUATIONS ANALYSIS ON THE EURIPIDES' 'HECUBA', IBSEN'S 'ROSMERSHOLM'AND ASSOULINE'S 'CLIENT' (Sytuacje tragiczne. Próba analizy na podstawie Hekabe Eurypidesa, Rosmersholmu Henryka Ibsena i Klientki Pierre'a Assouline'a)
The article tries to describe and analyze the tragic situations which are central issues of three works of art: Euripides' Hecuba, Ibsen's Rosmersholm and Assouline's Client. The language of describe is language of Max Scheler's phenomenology of tragism. Tragism is present as an objective property of world. The article presents the essence of phenomenology of tragism in reference four conditions: (1) tragic phenomenon occurs only in world of values; (2) tragedy happens only when person is trying to live well and has deep commitments to others, but this commitments may be destroyed by circumstances that person couldn't prevent; (3) tragism happens by virtue of conflict between free will and fatalism; (4) problem with imputing of guilt.
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