The Patient is a modern society. Material objects of cultural or industrial value are the threatened Organs. The Threat is theft, robbery, piracy, counterfeit and their unavoidable consequences - import, export and other illegal transfer of property. Is this really serious, Doctor? Unfortunately, the answer is 'Yes'! In relation to the illegal trade in cultural assets, ICOM (International Council of Museums), an international institution engaged in various preventive activities, ascertains that: 'Illicit traffic in cultural goods ranks third in the listing of criminal activities worldwide, following drug and arms trafficking'. This paper is deliberately insufficient: although it is focused on the protection of cultural assets, but it also relates directly to the assets of industrial value. In essence, it proposes a preventive measure based on the physical properties of materials and nanotechnology. The method is called nano-trace and is used to support activities of various international institutions - UN, UNESCO, Council of Europe, EU, European Commission, Interpol, and we would add PACT Association - that, like ICOM, are constantly seeking the best response to the above presented key problem. Like all new scientific methods and technologies it can be improved. Our deliberations in this paper, however, are aimed primarily at broadening the agenda.
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