The article includes an analysis of Mickiewicz's and Krasinski's attitude towards the Israelites, understood as an ethnic-religious community, and presents a long-lasting argument of the two writers concerning the settlement of Polish-Jewish relationship. For over two decades Mickiewicz worked on the concept of Polish-Jewish reconciliation, and opted for giving the Israelites in the future Poland a full citizenship. He also supported the need of ecumenic closeness of christianity and judaism. Krasinski saw the Jews, also those converted, as opponents of Polishness and enemies of christianity; he predicted their long confrontation with the noble-country nation. In the modern judaism Krasinski discerned the religion contaminated with the sin of rejecting Jesus Christ. In Krasinski's view, religious anti-judaism mingles with elements of antisemitism. The various approaches to the Jews derive partially from the opposing projects of national community which both poets professed. Mickiewicz was close to the idea of nation being a community of free and equal people, not differentiated by sexes, ethnicity, and religion, while Krasinski turned to ethnocentric formula of nation as an entity composed of two classes (nobility and country), a being characterised by tribal, cultural and religious borderlines.
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