In this paper problems connected with application of power industry based on fossil fuel and necessity of substitution of them for nuciear power industry were presented. In the first part of publication the authoresses presented basic problems connected with radio decay and characteristic of different kinds of radiation and its influence on organisms. History of nuciear energy development in miiitary industry and also in peaceful aims was also showed. They described nuciear reactor with taking into consideration in particular their safety and storage of radioactive waste. They also paid attention to negative consequences of nuciear accident in Tchernobyl to the social reception of problems of nuciear power industry in Poland and in the world.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.