The function, played by the non-finite relative clauses (RCs), is not free from ambiguous interpretations oscillating between attributive modification and predication. The same holds true of the syntactic contexts where these disputed linguistic constructions operate: simple sentences with embedded attributive phrases or complex sentences with autonomous RCs? The following text aims to show that the difference between these two interpretations results from arbitrary criteria and the duality of finite and non-finite RCs is a matter of different relative-clause-forming strategies.
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