A contribution from the conference 'The Second Avant-garde' (part of the grant-funded project 'The Myths, Language, and Taboos of the Czech Post-Avant-garde from the Forties to the Sixties'), which was held on 23 October 2007. The author is concerned here with what it was that awoke in the Second Avant-garde. She poses the fundamental question of what influence Surrealism has had on art after the Second World War. She also discusses influences and trends in Czech culture from the 1940s to the 1960s, including works, for example, by Vera Linhartova (b. 1938), Vratislav Effenberger (1923-1986), and Karel Teige (1900-1951).
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