This article is meant to analyze several homilies (XV-XVII, XVIII-XIX and LVIII-LXI), comprising the exegesis of the beginning of the Sermon on the Mount (Mt 5:1-6:15) and the 'Church Order' discourse (Mt 18). The principle aim of the article is to investigate a relation between forgiveness and community creating. The author explores the selected aspects of Chrysostom's commentaries: blessings as a way to achieve virtue that liberates from egoism, a need to be the salt and the light of the world as a necessity to give testimony to God's loving kindness in word and deed; and Jesus' order not to get angry 'in vain' and not to bring gifts to the altar without first being reconciled with one's brother. Next the author focuses on: Christ's command to go beyond the expectations of wrongdoer in a readiness to do him good whereby one would imitate the Father in heaven; forgiving others for their transgressions as a way to obtain the Father's forgiveness of our sins; the attitude of a child as a condition for the entering God's Kingdom; the passages on temptations to sin and brotherly admonition as an expression of God's care for human beings, emphasized in the Parable of the Lost Sheep; and finally Jesus' command to forgive, illustrated by the Parable of the Unforgiving Servant.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
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