The paper, dealing with the employment, labour relations, and knowledge utilisation characteristics of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) presents the Hungarian experiences of an international survey, covering eight countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, and Spain) and conducted in 2004. The report presents the position of SMEs in the national economy with the help of indices such as the achievements of the sector in productivity, innovation, exports and employment. The analysis devotes special attention to the flexibility of labour use, an area where the SMEs are in a leading position. The paper discusses in detail the role of labour relations influencing the relationship between employers/owners and employees (including the minimal presence of collective agreements) and the identification of demand for knowledge (competence) characterising the practice of knowledge utilisation, characteristic of the given enterprise.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.