Trauma and posttraumatic adaptation are topics which have been frequently discussed in a literature recently. One of the most important factors that influences posttraumatic adaptation is social support. However this notion and its mechanism of protection against posttraumatic consequences still poses a lot of questions. The aim of this study is to show the role of support received from a family in adaptation after trauma and its influence on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The present study indicates that the adequacy of support is a good means of protection against psychological consequences after trauma. According to this research, not social support but its adequacy to current needs helps in better coping with trauma. Whereas support received from a family influences posttraumatic cognitions. People who receive, not only perceive, support from relatives after trauma have more rational cognitions about the world and themselves, in comparison to people who have less received support.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.