This paper examines dynamics of trade liberalization negotiations under WTO Doha Round between 2001-2006. It tries to answer the following questions: - why the negotiations are so difficult?, - what are the main controversies?, - what would be the consequences of Doha failure?, - are there any alternatives to WTO multilateral trade negotiations? The paper describes modification of TRIPS ( Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights), which permits poor countries to import cheaper generic drugs against AIDS and other issues. Finally it makes some evaluation of benefits from trade liberalization for different groups. Doha Round includes a very complex and ambitious agenda for new WTO trade negotiations. The main aim of Doha Round, known also as Doha Development Round, is to bring benefits to developing countries giving them a better access do developed countries' markets with their agricultural products. It requires deep and costly structural reforms in many developed countries. Most developed countries are interested in opening the markets of developing countries in services and investment. North and South differ very much on the priorities for this Round of negotiations. From the moment the developing countries insisted that their priority should be discussed before the other issues, the negotiations become much more complicated. There has been a little progress during 5 years of Doha Round negotiations. There are still disagreements about direction of trade liberalization, especially in agriculture.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.