The author starts with conclusion that the 20th century Russia witnessed two major breakdowns of political doctrines, which legitimated the then existing regimes. One was the tsarist and the other the communist Russia. Drawing historical comparisons, the author makes an attempt at understanding the Russian objectives, which led to revolutionary changes in the political and social system of Russia. When in December 1999 Boris Yeltsin resigned form the presidential office, for most analytics certain negative period of the Russian history was closed. Although his struggle with communist past has been positively evaluated by the observers, he had made plenty of political and economic blunders, Chechen war being the most serious one. His successor at the office, president Vladimir Putin dreams of restoration of the Russian position as the superpower. He is pragmatic, he has joined the antiterrorist coalition, he has taken many steps binding Russian economy with the Western world. Some signals given by Putin suggest that he takes into consideration also the Western public opinion. Nevertheless, the author raises a question which way Putin will lead his country. Will he follow path of tsars and Bolsheviks in 'collecting the Russian lands'? - asks the author.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.