The aim of the present paper is the comparison of a lexical meaning of the verbs 'to be' and 'to have' in the Slovak and Bulgarian language. Through a confrontation of a lexical meaning of the phrases with these verbs in both languages the authoress obtains three main groups of their lexical signification: absolute existence, dispositional existence and positional existence. The verbs 'to be and to have' are used in the both analysed languages but their signification is different and possibilities of their usage are various.
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