The 200th anniversary of French Revolution is an occasion to remind a philosopher who died for his ideas in the revolutionary reality. He believed in human mind's development leading to happiness. Coming close to democracy, Condorcet presented liberal views e.g. on women's role in the society. The author draws attention to a duality between his belief in intellectual elite and the fear of population's rule on the one hand and democratic principles on the other. His attempts on the political scene brought him to defeat. Today Condorcet seems a political and moral conscience of revolution since he was able to notice a vital trigger of progress in it.
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