The world events of the last century again revivified discussion about the objectivity of theological meta-ethical foundation of human morality. The First and Second World War, genocides as the Holocaust or systematic repudiation of the otherness from the side of great majority, societal ethnic cleansing and many other forms of evil in daily life, partly in consequence of destructive activities of man, partly in consequence of natural and biological processes, these all are a part of tragic character of human nature. Despite of these realities, the elementary question about the theological meta-ethical foundation for morality is always the basic necessity in the human life. In this article, we try to show some philosophical as well as theological approaches to this question such as the ethical exegesis, biblical humanism, and the new way of interpretation of both experiences of personal faith and religious tradition. These approaches present some potential solutions, which could be at least a partial answer of this fundamental existential question.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.