One of the high points of the First Balkan War of 1912-1913 was the embittered fighting for the possession of Skadar (Scutari, Shkodër) in North Albania. The Skadar Crisis began in early 1913 when the town became the target of a Montenegrin invasion force. In the previous year King Nikola I Petrovic Njegos of Montenegro had joined the coalition of Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria against Turkey hoping to annex parts of North Albania and move the capital of his country from Podgorica to Skadar. The defenders of the town repulsed the attacks for the best part of 1913, but in the end the extraordinary bravery and determination of the Montenegrins prevailed. However, it was something of a Pyrrhic victory, and anyway under the terms of the peace settlement after the First Balkan War the Montenegrin army had to withdraw from Skadar. Clearly Nikola I was not able to realize his ambitions against the grain of combined interests of Austria-Hungary and Italy, backed by Germany. As a result of the war and the post-war settlement Serbia and the Karadjordjevic dynasty was able to play the key role in the process of bringing the South Slavs into a single state (Yugoslavia).
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