The article surveys of the study of the Polish literary Romanticism starting with the period between the two world wars since the 1970ies and 1980ies. The author shows that the question of the ‘rewriting Romanticism' in Polish literary scholarship from the 1930ies is connected with the methodological innovations. Nevertheless, 'rewriting Romanticism' depends on the cultural political context as well. The crucial breaking point came at the end of the 1950ies, when the Stalinist simplifications in the literary scholarship were abandoned and the scholars began to look for the methodological reorientation (Marxist sociology of literature, cultural studies, partly structuralism).
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