The article describes the establishment and development of Puhoi, a small village in New Zealand known as 'Bohemian settlement', from an anthropological point of view. Puhoi was established in 1863 by settlers who came to New Zealand from Bohemia and who presented themselves as 'Bohemians', however there has been a diversity of opinions on their ethnicity. In this article, the authoress looks for the answer to the question of the settlers' identity and she follows its changes during the process of acculturation in relation to indigenous Maori population as well as during the process of continuing integration into New Zealand's society. Further, the article examines the surviving tradition together with contemporary marks of distinctiveness and poses a question if Puhoi can still be viewed as unique and different within New Zealand's culture.
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