The very typical peculiarity of the mythical worldview according to V. Toporov is the constructing of oppositions that could spread in diverse code systems and in different hierarchical spheres. Universal categories of that worldview are the primary elements of the nature - fire, water, air, and earth - that were assumed as the most important essentials of the entire World. Those primary elements designate not only separate phenomena but also mix in various parts of the World, in different objects of the nature and even in human beings.This article shows the correlation between those primary elements and the human being provided by Lithuanian and Russian data. Just as in other cultures, surviving data on Lithuanian and Russian folk traditions, as well as the data of these languages provide testimony that the primary elements of the world appears virtually everywhere. They are representing both the beginning and the end of the world and the human being; they are important force, unifying separate parts of the world into a singular entity. Those fundamental elements indicate the vital energy of human beings, their inner personal characteristics, emotional states, and health. The metaphors show that the special intensity of emotions and hot-temper are determined by fire element. Forfeiture of the balance of those elements causes dysfunction – illnesses, negative or unstable emotions and the like.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.