The presented study discusses the problems posed by semantic description of syntax of the contemporary Russian language. The author considers the modelling of the semantic structure of the sentence from the perspective of ontological determinism and linguistic relativity, as well as the role of grammatical categories in realization of the sentence semantics. He focuses on the delimitation between the obligatory sentence components, i.e. predicates, arguments, and facultative ones, e.g. adjuncts. The syntactical homonymy is also the subject of the study. The author holds the opinion that understanding homonymic constructions in discource depends not only on the grammatical sentence pattern (models) but also, to a large degree, on the lexical-semantic structure of the sentence. The propositional sentence structure, as presented by the author, depends also on the naive world view.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.