The study focuses on the subject that Levi-Strauss never devoted himself to in a systematic way. The essence of his view on the urban space can be found in few pages of his travel book 'Tristes Tropiques' (English version is entitled 'World on the Wane'). In spite of this fact, the study tries to show that the opinions on the urban space delivered in this work are important for us to understand the basis of his method, as well as to get closer to the places where his thinking opens to the new perspectives of the anthropological studies. When analyzing these opinions, we find that on the one hand they confirm the primary trend of his method, which is the orientation towards unconscious models; on the other hand, however, we see the role of collective conscience in a new light. Similarly, we will have to correct the idea about the relation between structures and their demographic substance. In his work 'La Pensee sauvage' (The Savage Mind) Levi-Srauss presented this relationship as a conflict of two sides, from which the second one, the demographic substance always ends up predominating: it decomposes the structural organizations and leads the community to the historical time. Levi-Strauss' reflections about the city indicate that the demographical substance could have a different function in his thinking. Thanks to the concentration of a big amount of people, a city can in its organization of space display the unconscious trends of mind. The last part of the study aims to discover in Levi-Strauss' opinions on the South American cities the indication of what could be called the anthropology of present or even future times.
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