The objective of the paper is to show the relationships existing between the demographic situation and the political and economic condition of Saudi Arabia. The authoress draws attention to the growing effect of rapid demographic increase that, combined with the inadequate government policy, leads to massive unemployment and, in the longer run, multiple tensions in the country's economy and policy. The paper critically assesses the economic policy instruments applied by the state aimed at limiting the scale of unemployment, such as: the reform of the educational system and the programme of promoting the employment of local population in place of foreign workers, i.e. the so called Saudization Programme.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.