The author's study treats of Patocka's understanding of the emergence and sense of the world of political and philosophical life as the beginning of history. Political and philosophical life are seen by Patocka as a continuum of two consecutive events in the uncovering and understanding of two new, mutually-related, human possibilities given by the flourishing of Greek civilisation. The author goes on to deal with Patocka's understanding of the significance of Masaryk's founding of the state as an exemplification of Patocka's conception of the politico-philosophical type of life's world from which is derived Patocka's concept of the basic movement of human life in truth, which expresses itself in the concept of the solidarity of the shaken. From this concept, and from the Patocka's preceding formulation of the politico-philosophical life as the life's world of a creative-historical character, Jan Patocka's work in Charta 77 evidently arises.
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