Nazism, a criminal ideology of the 20th century, is given much harsher treatment than Communism, even though actions by Communist countries also led to crimes and massive human rights violations. Even comparison between the two systems is shunned. The author attempts to answer a question about their differences and similarities, also with regard to political violence and persecution. Whence so great imbalance in the assessment of these two totalitarian systems? What is more important for moral judgment, the differences or the similarities? In the author's opinion, there is a linkage between the character of divergent moral assessments on the one hand and, on the other, the quantity and quality of the available information about the systems. The lopsidedness can be explained by differences in information and knowledge about Nazi Germany with its crimes, and about similar crimes committed by Communist states.
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