The aim of the study is to determine the typological coordinates of the debut written by Jan Rob Ponican and to follow the realizations and transformations of semantic gesture in dependence on identity determined by style and literary movement, respectively on the basis of the crossing different identities. Jan Ponican's debut 'Som, myslim, citim, milujem vsetko, len temno nenávidim' (I am, I feel, I love everything but darkness I hate, 1923) synthesizes poetics of several European avant-gardes and the modernistic movements. Eclectic character of the collection, and also two basic thematic cycles of the Ponicans´s poetry - 'fight' and 'love' unite 'revolutionary-romantic' gesture determining the aesthetic, noetic and ideological qualities in dependence on transformation of the typological ones. Influences of New-Romaticism, Decadence, Symbolism, Anarchism, Vitalism, Expressionism, Cubism and Futurism, Un-animism and proletarian poetry are many times realized in stylistically pure form, more often overlapping with significant tendency to connect, cross and combine the different codes and poetics. Ponican's debut seems aesthetically and ideologically quite destructed, but in the terms of revolt also coherent expression as well as kaleidoscope of European culture from the end of 19th c. to the 20-ties of the 20th c. with many layers. Contribution of the study is mainly based on questioning the problem of the simplified conventional picture presenting Jan Ponican as a poet of proletarian ideology. Contrary to that it reveals variety and complicacy of typologically stylistic identity of Ponican's debut.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.