According to the provisions of the ordinance on Industrial Law of 1927, a voivode held industrial power in the capacity of an organ of the first and second instance. Such a solution was adopted because of the weight of the matters brought before that organ whose key purpose was to secure social interests and industrial safety within the voivodeship. Efficient functioning of the administration of industry was especially vital for Poland's economy after it had regained independence in 1918. The adopted solution was necessary for the economic development of the state and its regions which had lost, during WW1, about one fifth of its national property. It was therefore important to create a legal situation which would safeguard sustained development of the state and help to eliminate differences between regions, or voivodeships. Hence the important role of the industrial law regulations. A principle of 'industrial freedom' had been introduced but it continued to remain a subject to different concepts and permits before one could engage in any industrial sector. What is more, many types of business activity that the statute did not regard as industrial activity had been categorised as those not falling under that principle of industrial freedom.
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