The main content of the paper is a broad analysis of the present status and changes of agricultural and food production. The level, structure and distribution of food production in the world and regions in the context of malnutrition and reducing hunger are the main issues of author's deliberation. One of the most important conditions of further development of less-developed countries is their better access to international trade of agricultural and food products. Protection and subsidies implemented by developed countries are reducing participation and access of developing countries to the international market of agricultural and food products. The necessity of reducing trade-distorting policy and improving market access is becoming more and more important.
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