'Imad ad-Din Halil is one of the most outstanding contemporary Islamic fundamentalist thinkers from Iraq. His thought covers various problems of culture in the context of Islam. From this point of view he analyses e.g. the Islamic methodology of sciences and the Islamic theory of arts. In this article the author presents the Islamic theory of Literature by 'Imad ad-Din Halil in the light of his most important books in this concern: 'Madhal ila Nazariyyat al-Adab al-Islami' (Introduction to the Theory of Islamic Literature), 'An-Naqd al-Islami al-Mu'asir' (Contemporary Islamic Literary Criticism) and 'Muhawalat Gadida li-an-Naqd al-Islami' (New Attempts of the Islamic Literary Criticism). In his analyses Halil bases on Islamic aesthetic theory and presents his attitude towards the contemporary literary currents in the West. His attitude, rooted in the fundamentalist Islamic theory of Arts, is set in comparison with similiar views concerning the role and form of the Christian literature, mainly among Polish writers and scholars.