In this paper, we deal with locative semantic diathesis in Czech from a lexicographic point of view. We consider semantic diathesis as a specific relation between semantically similar syntactic constructions which are characterized by changes in the valency structure of verbs. These changes arise from the changes in the correspondence of semantic participants and valency complementations and vary even within one type of diathesis. We assume that they can be described by general rules determining the changes in the mapping of participants and valency complementations. Here we focus primarily on the lexical-semantic representation of verbs, which represents the first part of the description of semantic diatheses. The second part of this task, i.e. formulating rules, is left aside here. Using the example of locative semantic diathesis, we demonstrate the advantage of the representation based on predicate decomposition (called lexical-conceptual structure) over those formulated in terms of semantic roles. Namely, we use the lexical-conceptual structure built on the subeventual analysis in which event complexity, i.e. whether an event is simple or complex, plays a key role. On this basis, we attempt to formulate the appropriate lexical-conceptual structures reflecting semantic difference between the members of locative semantic diathesis.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.