This essay regards Czech compatriotic periodical press in the Ukraine over the 19th and 20th century, i.e. when the Ukraine gradually became part of the tsarist Russia, Poland and the USSR and finally gained its independence. It briefly describes editorial activities of the former as well as present compatriotic institutions, the Czech National Committee in Russia, individual compatriots as well as units of the Czechoslovak legions. It also pays attention to the Czech (mostly compatriotic) periodical press in Carpathian Ruthenia and press of re-emigrants from the Ukraine and Russia. The largest publishing centres in tsarist Russia were Lodz (now in Poland), Kiev and Kvasilov in the Ukraine and the most prominent publishers were brothers Bohumil and Karel Prochazka in Lodz, JUDr. Vacslav Vondrak and Venceslav Svihovsky in Kiev and Antonin Perny in Kvasilov in Polish Volhynia. It is no less interesting that full-value literature (e.g. novels, short stories, poems, dramas, etc.) emerged in the Ukraine, mainly Volhynia; it certainly belongs in the context of Czech literature. The author concludes with the fact that the significance of the Czech compatriotic periodical press in the Ukraine and Russia is still not very appreciated especially with regard to the emergence of the Czech corps and the Czechoslovak Legion, subsequently Czechoslovakia and liberation of Czechoslovakia in World War II.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.